Latin American immigrant mothers in Spain: Perceived challenges and opportunities

Elizabeth Berrocal


The researcher conducted semi-structured audio-recorded interviews of 13 mothers and expectant mothers who had migrated to Spain from Latin America. Qualitative analysis revealed several themes, including Challenges in Spain and Opportunities in Spain. Challenges were of three main types: personal and relationship challenges, economic challenges, and perceived racism and stereotyping. Opportunities were also of three primary types: future opportunities for the Latinas’ children, increased safety, and greater personal independence. None of the women mentioned the possibility of returning to their country of origin, suggesting that perceived opportunities in Spain outweighed the challenges they faced. The findings are considered from the perspective of the empowerment of immigrant Latina mothers in Spain. While interview responses gave little evidence of economic, educational, social, or political empowerment, they did suggest that the women demonstrated considerable psychological empowerment, including resilience, perseverance, and determination to move forward despite challenges.


Migration; Spain; Latin America; Latinas; Latina migrants

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ISSN: 2062-087X

DOI: 10.14267/issn.2062-087X