Social investment in the Baltic states: Benefits against poverty and distribution of social risks over the life course

Daiva Skuciene, Romas Lazutka

Abstract


Prevention against social risks through investment in human capital serves as the main focus of social investment. The social investment perspective suggests that social protection benefits should ensure adequate income maintenance over the life course. The goal of the current study is twofold: to analyse the role of social benefits that protect against poverty and look at the distribution of social risks over the life course with a focus on of social investment in the Baltic States drawing on microdata of EU-SILC 2015. In addition, the study uses Eurostat data to explore spending on social protection and investments in human capital, classified as “Old” and “New” risks, during 2005-2014.

The findings of the study suggest that low spending on social welfare in the Baltic States cannot ensure adequate income guarantees for the population at risk as well as lower dependency on welfare state benefits.


Keywords


social risks, social benefits, at-risk-of-poverty rate, social investment, Baltic States

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14267/CJSSP.2019.2.2

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ISSN: 2062-087X

DOI: 10.14267/issn.2062-087X