COVID-19 Vaccine Hesitancy in Turkey: Conspiracy Beliefs, Fear and Stress

Mine Aydemir-Dev, Onur Barca, Nuran Bayram-Arlı, Veysel Bozkurt


The aim of this study is to examine factors associated with COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy. An online survey was conducted to collect the data to be evaluated. The survey included demographic questions and four scales: vaccine hesitancy, fear of COVID-19, stress, and vaccine conspiracy beliefs. Four hundred and ninety-six people answered the survey in Turkey. A conceptual model was established and estimated with a structural equation model to explore the relationships. The findings identified a statistically significant direct effect on vaccine hesitancy of conspiracy beliefs, fear, and stress. Accordingly, it was concluded that individuals with a firm belief in vaccine conspiracies, high stress levels, and low fear of COVID-19 had high levels of vaccine hesitancy. This article suggests the importance of public access to accurate information and low stress levels.


COVID-19, vaccine hesitancy, vaccine conspiracy beliefs, fear, stress

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ISSN: 2062-087X

DOI: 10.14267/issn.2062-087X